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Quality Management : Concepts, Techniques and Systems
By Bholanath Das

First Published : 2013
ISBN : 9788177083415
Pages : 244
Binding : Hardbound
Size : 5 x 9
Price : US$ 48
ABOUT THE BOOK

Quality of products/services assumes great importance for manufacturers/providers in the modern competitive world.  In fact, the quest for quality is essentially a search for competitiveness.

Quality being so critical to products and services, it is worth understanding what it is in its entirety—its evolution and definition; why it is so important for business and industry; and how to attain, maintain and manage quality of goods manufactured and services offered? This book attempts to provide comprehensive insights into all these aspects.

The target audience for the book includes practicing managers responsible for decision-making in an organization, professionals engaged in developing quality culture, and the academics including students who are training or being trained for quality management. These groups are directly or indirectly responsible to transform management philosophy, and create new visions for enterprises to integrate individual aspirations with organization’s excellence. 


CONTENTS
     
1. Meaning, Characteristics and Importance of Quality
1.1 Quality Defined
1.2 Characteristics of Quality
1.3 Importance of Quality for Industry

2. Evolution of the Concept of Quality
2.1 Milestones in Quality Movement
2.2 Walter Andrew Shewhart’s Contribution
2.3 Quality Philosophy of Edwards Deming
2.3.1 Deming Cycle
2.3.2 Deming's Fourteen Points for Achieving Quality
2.3.3 Deming's Seven Deadly Diseases
2.4 Joseph Juran’s Approach
2.4.1 Juran’s Three Basic Steps to Progress
2.4.2 Juran’s Ten Steps to Quality Improvement
2.4.3 The Juran Trilogy
2.5 Vilfredo Pareto Principle
2.6 Philip Bayard Crosby’s Contribution
2.6.1 Four Absolutes
2.6.2 Zero-defect
2.6.3 Fourteen Steps
2.7 Kaoru Ishikawa: The Japanese Expert
2.8 Armand Feigenbaum
2.9 Quality in Industry
2.9.1 Wartime Developments
2.9.2 Post-War Developments
2.10 Reliability Engineering
2.10.1 Design for Reliability
2.11 Redundancy
2.12 Physics of Failure
2.13 Component De-rating
2.14 Reliability Sequential Test Plan
2.15 Quality Improvement in Japan
2.16 Quality Consciousness in India
 
3. Quality, Standards and ISO Certification
3.1 Various Definitions of Quality
3.2 Characteristics of Quality of Manufactured Products
3.3 Dimensions of Quality in Services
3.4 Quality Standards
3.5 Process of Developing International Standard
3.6 Quality Management System
3.7 Industry Specific Standards
3.7.1 ISO 9000 Certification
3.7.2 ISO 9001:2008
3.8 Certification Process
3.9 Auditing/Monitoring
3.10 Advantages of Quality System
3.11 Effectiveness of ISO Certification
 
4. Tools and Techniques of Quality
4.1 Seven Basic Tools of Quality
4.1.1 Fishbone Diagram (Cause-and-Effect Diagram)
4.1.2 Check Sheet
4.1.3 Run Charts and Control Charts
4.1.4 Histogram
4.1.5 Pareto Chart
4.1.6 Scatter Diagram
4.1.7 Stratification
4.2 Other Quality Tools
4.2.1 Flow Chart
4.2.2 The Survey
4.2.3 Design of Experiment
4.3 Techniques and Approaches
4.3.1 Statistica1 Quality Control
4.3.2 Control Charts
4.3.3 Control Limits and Risks
4.3.4 Control Chart for Variables
4.3.5 X-bar Chart
4.3.6 Range (R) Chart
4.3.7 Control Chart for Attributes
4.3.8 P-Chart
4.3.9 C-Chart
4.3.10 Operating Characteristic Curve
4.4 Statistical Process Control (SPC)
4.4.1 What is SPC?
4.4.2 Process Capability
4.4.3 Control of Variation
4.4.4 Benefits
4.5 Roadmap for Implementation
4.5.1 Preparation Phase
4.5.2 Planning Phase
4.5.3 Execution Phase
4.6 Inspection Planning
4.6.1 Incoming Inspection
4.6.2 Acceptance Sampling
4.6.3 Single Sampling Plan
4.6.4 Double Sampling Plan
4.6.5 Multiple Sampling Plan
4.6.6 Switching Procedure
4.6.7 Normal to Reduce
4.6.8 Normal to Tightened
4.7 Reporting
4.7.1 Principles
4.7.2 Cost Analysis
4.7.3 Computer Aided System
4.8 The Kaizen Approach
4.8.1 Implementation of the Concept
4.8.2 The Concept in Practice
4.8.3 Benefits of Kaizen Approach
4.9 Benchmarking
4.9.1 Definition
4.9.2 Benchmarking Process
4.9.3 Implementation
4.9.4 Prerequisite for Successful Implementation
4.9.5 Costs
4.10 Just-in-time (JIT) Manufacturing
4.10.1 What is JIT?
4.10.2 Benefits of JIT
4.11 Kanban
4.11.1 Successful Implementation
 
5. Evolution of Quality Systems
5.1 Quality Control
5.1.1 Testing for Conformance
5.1.2 Limitations
5.2 Statistical Quality Control (SQC)
5.3 Total Quality
5.3.1 Market Expansion
5.3.2 Achieving Excellence
5.4 Quality Circle
5.4.1 Structure and Functioning
5.4.2 Benefits
5.5 Quality Assurance
5.5.1 Quality Assurance Process
5.5.2 Accuracy of Quality Assurance
5.5.3 Models and Standards
5.5.4 Quality Assurance for Software Development
5.6 Economics of Quality
5.6.1 Unavoidable Costs
5.6.2 Avoidable Costs
5.6.3 Intangible Costs
5.7 Total Quality Management
5.7.1 Pre-requisite
5.7.2 The Principle
5.7.3 Implementation
5.8 Quality Culture
 
6. Transiting to Total Quality
6.1 Management Leadership
6.2 Commitment of Senior Management
6.3 Understanding Business
6.4 Management Style
6.5 Establishing Quality Culture
6.6 Customer Orientation
6.7 Identifying Customer Needs
6.8 Customer Focus Organization
6.9 Continuous Improvement
6.10 Role of Management
6.11 Improvement Plan
6.12 Focus on Product, Process and People
6.12.1 Product
6.12.2 Process
6.12.3 People
6.13 Empowerment of Employees for Involvement
6.13.1 Management’s Role
6.13.2 Education and Training
6.13.3 Benefits
6.13.4 Rewards and Recognition
6.14 Implementation Strategy
6.14.1 Preparation Phase
6.14.2 Planning Phase
6.14.3 Execution Phase
6.15 Some Concerns
6.16 Cautions in Implementation
 
7. Stages of Quality Journey
7.1 The Indian Context
7.2 Essential Prerequisite
7.3 Developing a Vision and Mission
7.4 Defining Quality Objective
7.5 Quality Policy
7.6 Formulating Strategy
7.7 Consultant Selection
7.7.1 Engaging with Consultant
7.8 In-house Expertise
7.9 Getting Started
7.10 Quality Improvement
7.10.1 Sporadic Problem
7.10.2 Chronic Problems
7.11 Quality Committee for Co-ordination
7.12 Improvement Process
7.12.1 Data Collection
7.12.2 Selection of Project
7.12.3 Identification of Root Cause
7.12.4 Remedial Action
7.12.5 Evaluation
7.13 Launching a New Product
7.13.1 The Definition Phase
7.13.2 Preliminary Design Phase
7.13.3 Final Design Phase
7.13.4 Preproduction Phase
7.13.5 Production Phase
7.13.6 Use Phase
 
8. Conclusions
8.1 Development Praxis
8.2 The Indian Scene
8.2.1 Need for Quality Improvement
8.2.2 Awareness of the Gains Achievable
8.2.3 Enlightened Customers
8.3 Whither Quality
8.4 Management Option
8.5 Planning for Success
8.6 Quality in Services
8.7 Prospects for Quality
 
Appendix: Quality Improvement in a Service Organization: A Case Study of Saraswati Vidyapeeth, Balasore

References

Index

ABOUT THE AUTHOR
     

     Bholanath Das retired as Senior Development Officer, Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion, Ministry of Commerce and Industry, Government of India, New Delhi. His distinguished career spanned over four decades and saw him in various senior positions in teaching, administration and policy formulation in India and abroad. Among other roles, he was the Joint Development Commissioner and Development Commissioner in-charge of Falta Special Economic Zone, Kolkata and Technical Advisor, Indian Investment Centre, Frankfurt, Germany. He also served as part of the faculty at IIT-Banaras Hindu University (BHU), Varanasi and National Institute of Technology, Rourkela. He holds the honour of being the first Indian Engineering Service (IES) professional from Odisha.

    After retiring from active service, he is currently a consultant and an author. The opportunity to travel extensively across the globe sharpened his acumen for keen observation and broadened his perspective and horizon. His yearning for erudition and avid interest in writing and reading, places him as literati far above the ordinary. His debut book Reflection (2009) was well received amongst the masses. His literary work also includes publication of numerous articles in reputed journals and magazines across diverse topics.

     He enjoys a unique distinction of academic excellence as the top ranker from the School Board (Orissa), Science Course (Utkal University) to Engineering (IIT-BHU) and Master of Business Management (FMS, Delhi University). He honed his specialization in quality management from Stockholm, Sweden.


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